Medieval Architectural History

Baugeschichte im Mittelalter

Expansions, Squares and Markets

In the Middle Ages, Cologne was the hub of commerce in Europe. Its direct proximity to the Rhine, its membership in the Hanseatic League, its possession of “staple right”, and the designation “holy” in its name made it a much sought destination for traders, merchants, pilgrims, and tourists. The resulting prosperity directly affected its architecture. 12th-century expansions, the medieval city wall, markets, squares, residences, merchant buildings, churches and cloisters testify to the wealth of what at the time was Germany’s most economically important city–“hilliger Coellen.”

If desired, the tour can include one or more of the following additional stops:

Cologne Cathedral
Romanesque Churches
Museum of the City of Cologne
Mikvah
Baptistery

public dates